Zhang Ji (Zhang Zhongjing)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9392

The Chinese physician and medical author Zhang Ji (ca. 150–220), also known as Zhang Zhongjing, was born in the Nanyang commandery (in modern Henan). As stated in the preface to his main work, he was prompted to study medicine and collect prescriptions by the spread of epidemic diseases which caused the death of several members of his own clan. The preface adds that he was Governor (taishou) of Changsha (modern Hunan), but this detail is not independently confirmed by other sources.

Zhang Ji's main work, completed in the first or second decade of the second century, was originally entitled Shanghan zabīng lun(Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Disorders) and included 16 chapters. The rather intricate bibliographic history of the text cast doubts on its authenticity. About one century after its compilation, Wang Shuhe (ca. 265–317) produced a revised, expanded version. The final six chapters, lost by the Song period, were replaced on the basis of an abridged version, and...

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References

  1. Ågren, Hans. Chinese Traditional Medicine: Temporal Order and Synchronous Events. Time, Science, and Society in China and the West. Ed. J. T. Fraser, N. Lawrence, and F. C. Haber. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1986. 211–8.Google Scholar
  2. Chang, Chung‐Ching (fl. 168–196). Shang han lun: On Cold Damage. An Eighteen‐Hundred‐Year‐Old Chinese Medical Text on Externally Contracted Disease by Zhang Ji (Zhang Zhong‐Jing). [Trans. and Commentaries by Craig Mitchell, Feng Ye, and Nigel Wiseman. Brookline, Massachusetts: Paradigm Publications, 1999.]Google Scholar
  3. Despeux, Catherine. Shanghan lun. Traite des Coups de Froid. Paris: Éditions de la Tisserande, [This translation is preferable to the English version by Luo Xiwen, Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold (Shanghan lun) by Zhang Zhongjing. Beijing: New World Press, 1986].Google Scholar
  4. Sivin, Nathan. Traditiónal Medicine in Contemporary China. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, The University of Michigan, 1987.Google Scholar
  5. Unschuld, Paul. Medicine in China: A History of Ideas. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

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