Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas (1340–1412) was one of the most influential personalities of Spanish Jewry in the end of the fourteenth century. As chief rabbi of the Aragonian Jewish communities during the persecutions of 1391, he was responsible for their reconstruction. Although his literary work was not very large, it constitutes an important contribution to the history of philosophical and scientific ideas, mainly as a critique of medieval Aristotelianism.
Under the influence of Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed (translated from Arabic into Hebrew in the beginning of the thirteenth century), Aristotelianism had spread in Jewish circles, raising many controversies. Besides those who opposed the study of philosophy only on the ground that it undermined religious beliefs, others invoked scientific and philosophic arguments to give support to their own critique of philosophy. Crescas is certainly the most important of the latter critics.
Apart from a short composition, Biṭṭul ˓Iqqarey...
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