Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs

Part of the series Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series pp 107-110

Bathymetrical Survey of the Scottish Freshwater Lochs, 1897–1909

  • Robert W. DuckAffiliated withSchool of the Environment, University of Dundee Email author 


The Bathymetrical Survey of the Scottish Fresh-Water Lochs was carried out during the years 1897–1909 under the direction of Sir John Murray and, in the main, Lawrence Pullar. The six volume compilation (Murray and Pullar, 1910), comprising a grand total of 562 loch (lake) bathymetric maps, together with extensive supporting biological, chemical, geological and physical information, represents an outstanding record of one of the most remarkable feats of field-based scientific endeavor of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. No other country can boast such an important limnological archive; it remains today without equal and has renewed significance thanks to the requirements of the European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (2000).

Canadian-born Murray (1841–1914), of Scottish parents, was educated at Stirling High School and the University of Edinburgh. He rose to fame as a pioneering oceanographer and marine biologist who played a pivotal role ...

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