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Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River in China

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Introduction

China Yangtze Three Gorges Project (TGP), as one of the biggest hydropower-complex projects in the world, serves as the key project for improvement and development of Yangtze River. The name “Three Gorges” is based on three historically famous gorges, namely, Qutangxia, Wuxia, and Xilingxia, occupying about 200 km of Yangtze River. The dam is located in the areas of Xilingxia gorge, lowest one of the three gorges of the river, which controls a drainage area of 1 million square kilometers, with an average annual runoff of 451 billion cubic meters. The open valley at the dam site, with hard and complete granite as the bedrock, has provided the favorable topographical and geological conditions for the construction of the dam. The first modern river development plan for the three gorges was drafted by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen in 1919 in his book The international development of China (Sun, 1919). The idea of constructing a huge dam was perhaps inspired by the successful story of the...

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Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River in China, Figure1
Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River in China, Figure 2
Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River in China, Figure 3

Abbreviations

a.m.s.l:

Above Mean Sea Level

CTGPC:

China Three Gorges Project Corporation

RCC:

Roller Compacted Concrete

TGHP:

Three Gorges Hydropower Plant

TGP:

Three Gorges Project

Bibliography

  • Bureau of Hydrology, Changjiang Water Resources Commission (BOH-CWRC), 2007.

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  • Changjiang (Yangtze) River Scientific Research Institute (CRSRI), 2007. Analysis of Incoming Sediments Characteristics in Three Gorges Reservoir (in Chinese), China Science Press. pp, 316.

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  • China Three Gorges Project Corporation (CTGPC), 2011. Introduction to Three Gorges Project (in Chinese). Hubei, China.

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  • Probe International, 2011. http://journal.probeinternational.org/three-gorges-probe/.

  • Sun, Y.-S., 1919. The international development of China. Shanghai: Ming Zhi. 1922.

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  • Ye D. X., (ed.), 2005. Heavy Rain Induced Geological Disaster Research on Three Gorges Reservoir (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, pp. 171.

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Correspondence to Linus T. Zhang .

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Zhang, L.T., Yang, X., Wang, Z. (2012). Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River in China. In: Bengtsson, L., Herschy, R.W., Fairbridge, R.W. (eds) Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4410-6_171

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