Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

2017 Edition
| Editors: Allan S. Gilbert

Great Plains Geoarchaeology

  • Vance T. HollidayEmail author
  • Rolfe D. MandelEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_82

Introduction

The Great Plains area of North America has been the setting for pioneering geoarchaeological research in the Western Hemisphere. Many archaeological records in the region are in thick, stratified deposits, long recognized by archaeologists and geologists alike as important for understanding cultural chronology and Late Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change. In particular, understanding the Late Pleistocene peopling of the Americas has its origins in archaeological research on the Great Plains (Mandel, 2000). The list of geoscientists who have worked on archaeological projects in the Plains includes some of the most prominent figures to shape the discipline of geoarchaeology; among them have been Kirk Bryan, Ernst Antevs, Claude Albritton, Jr., E. H. Sellards, C. Bertrand Schultz, and C. Vance Haynes, Jr.

There are several historical reasons for the long record of geoarchaeological research in the Great Plains. Immediately following the excavations at the Folsom...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anthropology and Departments GeosciencesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA