Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

2017 Edition
| Editors: Allan S. Gilbert


  • C. Reid FerringEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_76

Dmanisi is an Early Pleistocene hominin-bearing archaeological site located 65 km southwest of Tbilisi in the Republic of Georgia (41°20′10″N, 44°20′38″E; elevation: 910 m msl). Situated on a promontory at the confluence of the Masavera and Pinasaouri rivers, the site preserves up to 6.5 m of stratified ashfall and colluvial deposits conformably overlying the 1.85 Ma Masavera Basalt (Gabunia et al., 2000; Ferring et al., 2011). Dating by 40Ar/39Ar and paleomagnetism shows the site was occupied repeatedly from ca. 1.85 to 1.76 Ma, with rapid accumulation of hominin fossils during a brief interval ca. 1.77 Ma (Lordkipanidze et al., 2007; Messager et al., 2011).

Sediments are divided into nine major strata, separated by minor erosional surfaces; soils reveal periods of slow deposition and/or stability following episodes of ashfall or colluvial deposition. These deposits contain stratified occupation surfaces, with lithic artifacts and associated faunas. In the main excavation areas,...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA