Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

2017 Edition
| Editors: Allan S. Gilbert

Dumps and Landfill

  • Joseph SchuldenreinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_132


Areas of designated waste management; Designated discard or refuse zones (public or private); Managed sites for waste processing and/or surface construction


Landfills are designed and modified sites for recycling postconsumer waste. They are regulated depositories whose function is dictated by statutes. Regulation is concerned with issues of contamination and groundwater. Refuse must be buried. Landfills can also be considered structural features of the terrain as their design is aimed to level or reconfigure topography of a landform or landscape.

Dumps are unregulated loci for discard on a variety of scales. They may be open facilities initially and become landfills when regulatory mechanisms are imposed and implemented. Dumps are initially proposed as sites for refuse deposition, and they may be considered activity areas in an archaeological sense.

Since landfills are the products of relatively recent and large sediment redeposition (often with the use of heavy...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geoarchaeology Research AssociatesYonkersUSA