Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Geographic Information Technology

  • Brigitte LeblonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_153


Environmental Information System; Geographic Information System (GIS); Geographically Referenced Information System (GIRS); Geo-Information System; Land Information System (LIS); Land Management System; Land Resources Information System; Spatial Information System (SIS)


Geographic information technology uses computer-based tools to analyze spatial information into a geographic information system (GIS). In a GIS, data of the real world are stored into a georeferenced database, which can be displayed via maps. There is a dynamic link between the displayed maps and the stored georeferenced data, that is, a change on the maps leads to a change in the database and vice versa.

Use of geographic information technologies

There are a number of applications that use geographic information technologies in numerous economical sectors, such as transportation, medicine, agriculture, mineral exploration, forestry, and governance. Geographic information technologies are used in...

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  1. Leblon, B., and LaRocque, A. ENR 4286 geographic information system, online course 8 chapters, http://learning.unb.ca.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry and Environmental ManagementUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada