North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Reference work entry
Part of the The Statesman's Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Origin. On 4 April 1949 the foreign ministers of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the UK and the USA signed the North Atlantic Treaty, establishing the North Atlantic Alliance. In 1952 Greece and Turkey acceded to the Treaty; in 1955 the Federal Republic of Germany; in 1982 Spain; in 1999 the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland; in 2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia; in 2009 Albania and Croatia; and in 2017 Montenegro, bringing the total to 29 member countries.

Functions.The Alliance was established as a defensive political and military alliance of independent countries in accordance with the terms of the UN Charter. Its fundamental role is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members by political and military means. It also encourages consultation and co-operation with non-NATO countries in a wide range of security-related areas to help prevent conflicts within and beyond...

Further Reading

  1. Cook, D., The Forging of an Alliance. 1989Google Scholar
  2. Cottey, Andrew, Security in 21st Century Europe. 2nd ed. 2012Google Scholar
  3. Edström, Håkan and Gyllensporre, Dennis, (eds.) Pursuing Strategy: NATO Operations from the Gulf War to Gaddafi. 2012Google Scholar
  4. Hallams, Ellen, Ratti, Luca and Zyla, Ben, (eds.) NATO Beyond 9/11: The Transformation of the Atlantic Alliance. 2013Google Scholar
  5. Matláry, Janne Haaland and Petersson, Magnus, (eds.) NATO’s European Allies: Military Capability and Political Will. 2013Google Scholar
  6. Sloan, Stanley R., Permanent Alliance?: NATO and the Transatlantic Bargain from Truman to Obama. 2010Google Scholar
  7. Song, Yanan, The US Commitment to NATO in the Post-Cold War Period. 2016Google Scholar
  8. Webber, Mark, Sperling, James and Smith, Martin A., NATO’s Post-Cold War Trajectory: Decline or Regeneration? 2012Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019

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