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Malus pumila Mill.

  • Shakhnoza S. Azimova
  • Anna I. Glushenkova
Reference work entry

Family:

Rosaceae Juss.

Fruit

  • Cutine
    • Composition of monomers (treatment with LiAlH4) (GLC/MS, 3% OV-1 on Gas Chrom-Q), %: Hexadecan-1-ol – 0.29; octadecan-1-ol – 1.38; octadecen-1-ol – tr; eicosan-1-ol – tr; hexadecane-1,16-diol – 6.62; octadecane-1,18-diol – 2.51; octadecene-1,18-diol – 7.30; hexadecanetriol – 23.11; octadecane-1,9,18-triol – 13.11; octadecene-1,9,18-triol – 14.63; octadecane-1,9,10,18-tetraol – 24.88; octadecene-1,9,10,18–tetraol – 6.05 [1]

Peel of Fruit

  • Carotenoids

  • Free carotenoids
    • Composition (CC, TLC), ng/g on fresh wt: β-Carotene – 110; lutein – 230; violaxanthin – 330; neoxanthin – 20 [2]

  • Monoester
    • Composition of carotenoids (CC, TLC), ng/g on fresh wt: Violaxanthin – 1,480; neoxanthin – 420 [2]

    • Composition of esters (HPLC), %:

    • Violaxanthin: Laurate – 14.5; myristate – 5.2; oleate – 17.0; palmitate – 43.6; stearate – 14.7

    • Neoxanthin: Laurate – 12.9; myristate – 5.2; oleate + palmitate – 55.8; stearate – 12.0 [2]

  • Diesters
    • Composition(CC, TLC), ng/g on fresh wt:...

References

  1. 1.
    T.J. Walton, P.E. Kolattukudy, Biochemistry 11(10), 1885 (1972)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Knee, Phytochemistry 27(4), 1005 (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shakhnoza S. Azimova
    • 1
  • Anna I. Glushenkova
    • 1
  1. 1.S.Yu. Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of PlantSubstances of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of UzbekistanTashkentRepublic of Uzbekistan

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