Hierarchical, Intelligent and Automatic Controls

  • Bart De SchutterEmail author
  • Jeroen Ploeg
  • Lakshmi Dhevi Baskar
  • Gerrit Naus
  • Henk Nijmeijer
Reference work entry


We present a survey on traffic management and control frameworks for Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems (IVHS). First, we give a short overview of the main currently used traffic control methods that can be applied in IVHS. Next, various traffic management architectures for IVHS such as PATH, Dolphin, Auto21 CDS, etc., are briefly discussed and a comparison of the various frameworks is presented. Subsequently, we focus on control of vehicles inside a platoon, and we present a detailed discussion on the notion of string stability. Next, we consider higher-level control of platoons of vehicles. Finally, we present an outlook on open problems and topics for future research.


Model Predictive Control Spacing Policy Adaptive Cruise Control Preceding Vehicle Lead Vehicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bart De Schutter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeroen Ploeg
    • 2
  • Lakshmi Dhevi Baskar
    • 1
  • Gerrit Naus
    • 3
  • Henk Nijmeijer
    • 3
  1. 1.Delft Center for Systems and ControlDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.AutomotiveTNO Technical SciencesHelmondThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dynamics and Control SectionEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands

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