Encyclopedia of Tribology

2013 Edition
| Editors: Q. Jane Wang, Yip-Wah Chung

Marine Engine Oils

  • Tze-Chi Jao
  • Andre Verhelst
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-92897-5_952

Synonyms

Definition

Marine engine oils comprise a series of lubricants used to maintain the proper function of low-speed and medium-speed marine engines, which are mainly employed in larger ships.

Scientific Fundamentals

Background

In 2009 more than 35,000 larger vessels ranging from 1000 dwt feeders to more than 500,000 dwt super oil tankers sailed across the oceans, transporting a wide variety of cargoes such as grains, coal, iron ore, cars, forest products, manufactured goods, and crude oil. These ocean-going ships are generally powered by two types of diesel engines: low-speed two-stroke crosshead diesel engines and medium-speed four-stroke diesel engines.

It is noteworthy that, due to the vast advantage in economics of diesel engines over steam turbine engines, since the 1970s the latter have virtually been eliminated from...

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References

  1. B.H. Carter, Marine lubricants, in Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants, ed. by R.M. Mortier, S.T. Orszulik, 2nd edition (Blackie Academic and Professional, London, 1997), pp 237–254.Google Scholar
  2. T. Mang, W. Dresel, Marine diesel engine oils, in Lubricants and Lubrication, 2nd edition (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2007), pp 227–229.Google Scholar
  3. A. Montaud, W.P. Fabriek, D.J.E. Vrolijk, K.C. Lim, A. Dunn, Contamination of marine crankcase lubricants by raw feul: consequences, and methods of detection. J. Inst. Energy, Vol. 71, March, pp 2–11 (1998).Google Scholar
  4. J.A. Saile, J.M. Maycock, Laboratory evaluation of marine oils for medium speed engines burning distillate and nondistillate fuels. J. Amer. Soc. Lubri. Eng. February, pp 19–35 (1997)Google Scholar
  5. D.J.E Vrolijk, Challenges and solutions for marine engine engine oil technology, in Proccedings of the 14th Annual Fuels and Lubes Asia Conference, Seoul, Korea, March 5–7, 2008, pp 2–15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of R & DAfton Chemical CorporationRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Fomer Member of CIMACTexaco R&DGhentBelgium