Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Moira C. Dux
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_961


A deposition or actual trial testimony consists of two parts: the direct examination and the cross-examination. Direct examination precedes the cross-examination and involves testimony brought forth by the retaining attorney. Cross-examination occurs immediately after the direct examination and is carried out by the opposing attorney. The main purpose of cross-examination is to test the “reliability, accuracy and credibility” of witnesses’ testimony produced during the direct examination. Questions posed during cross-examination typically fall into two categories: those intended to expose weaknesses or errors in the expert witnesses’ data acquisition or interpretations, and those related to expose biases in the testimony. During cross-examination, expert witnesses are expected to give responsive answers. That is, they are to provide relevant answers, but the answers need not be those implicitly desired by the opposing attorney. The opposing attorney may use several tactics...

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References and Readings

  1. Brodsky, S. L. (2004). Coping with cross-examination and other pathways to effective testimony. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  2. (1975). Federal rules of evidence for United States courts and magistrates. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Greiffenstein, M. F., & Cohen, L. (2005). Neuropsychology and the law: Principles of productive attorney neuropsychologist relations. In G. Larrabee (Ed.), Forensic neuropsychology: A scientific approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moira C. Dux
    • 1
  1. 1.Rosalind Franklin School of Medicine University of Maryland Medical Center/Baltimore VABaltimoreUSA