Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Sheltered Employment

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_427



Sheltered employment is a setting in which people with disabilities receive services and training to develop work-related skills and behaviors. “Sheltered,” as a concept, originally implied an environment, which was safe and protected for individuals with disabilities. The first sheltered employment (workshop) was the Perkins Institute for the Blind established in 1840. Within the workshop setting, individuals are to be prepared for competitive employment. Workshops are segregated in nature.

In the field of rehabilitation, workshops have been criticized as programs in which people with significant disabilities were referred and remained for years, exploited, and/or did not see competitive employment outcomes in their community. Another criticism is that individuals with significant disabilities often have difficulty generalizing skills and knowledge from one environment to another. Thus, job readiness programs are not effective with this...

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References and Readings

  1. Department of Education. (Monday, January 22, 2001). Part XVI 34 CFR Part 361 State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Final Rule VerDate 11<MAY> 2000 19: 17 Jan 20, 2001 … http://www.ed.gov/legislation/FedRegister/finrule/2001-1/012201a.html
  2. Kregel, J., & Dean, D. (2001). Sheltered vs supported employment: A direct comparison of long-term earnings outcomes for individuals with cognitive disabilities. Retrieved December 18, 2009, from http://www.worksupport.com/main/downloads/dean/shelteredchap3.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation CounselingVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA