Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • John C. Courtney
  • Cristy Akins
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_1662

Generic Name


Brand Name



Conventional Antipsychotic

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Blocks dopamine 2 receptors


Psychotic disorders, Tourette’s syndrome (tics and vocal utterances), severe behavior problems, hyperactivity, schizophrenia

Off Label Use

Bipolar disorder, behavioral disturbances related to dementia

Side Effects


Agranulocytosis, seizures, leucopenia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome


Akathisia, neuroleptic-induced deficit syndrome, extrapyramidal symptoms, galactorrhea, amenorrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, weight gain, hypotension

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (62nd ed.). (2007). Montvale, NJ: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Courtney
    • 1
  • Cristy Akins
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyChildren's Hospital of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Mercy Family CenterMetarieUSA