Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome

  • Bonny J. Forrest
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_1540


Short Description or Definition

Developmental Gerstmann syndrome (Gerstmann’s syndrome) is a rare disorder that has been infrequently described in the literature. The descriptions focus on four “classic” deficits: difficulty writing (dysgraphia or agraphia), difficulty with arithmetic (dyscalculia or acalculia), an inability to distinguish left from right, and difficulty identifying fingers (finger agnosia). Constructional dyspraxia, an inability to copy simple figures, is often included as a fifth symptom. The cause is not known, but over the last 10 years, studies using advanced imaging techniques have reported the deficits to be associated with posterior inferior parietal lesions located on the left side of the brain (Miller & Hynd, 2004).


Fewer than 25 cases have been reported in the literature and, in the last 15...

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References and Readings

  1. Kinsbourne, M, & Warrington, E. K. (1963). The developmental Gerstmann syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 8(5), 490–501.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Miller, C. J., & Hynd, G. W. (2004). What ever happened to developmental Gerstmann’s syndrome? Links to other pediatric, genetic, and neurodevelopmental syndromes. Journal of Child Neurology, 19(4):282–289.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. PeBenito, R. (1987). Developmental Gerstmann syndrome: Case report and review of the literature. Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, 8(4), 229–232.Google Scholar
  4. Semrud-Clikeman, M., & Hynd, G. W. (1990). Right hemispheric dysfunction in nonverbal learning disabilities: Social, academic, and adaptive functioning in adults and children. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 198–209.Google Scholar
  5. Shaley, R. S., & Gross-Tsur, V. (1993). Developmental dyscalculia and medical assessment. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 26, 134–137.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonny J. Forrest
    • 1
  1. 1.San Diego Center for ChildrenSan DiegoUSA