Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

pp 2239-2240


  • Jamie VanniceAffiliated withApplied Psychology and Counselor Education, University of Northern Colorado


Behavioral control; Behavioral regulation; Effortful control; Self-control; Self-management


Self-regulation is a global term that has multiple subconstructs and is often used interchangeably with terms such as behavioral control, behavioral regulation, self-control, self-management, effortful control, and self-regulated learning (Boekaerts et al., 2000; Bronson, 2000; Eisenberg et al., 2001; Post et al., 2006). Baumeister and Vohs (2004) provided the most global definition for self-regulation. They defined self-regulation as a person’s ability to modulate, activate, and depress cognitive, behavioral and emotional responses to a variety of stimuli. Given this definition of self-regulation, research regarding inhibition, motivation, compliance, modulating emotion, impulsivity, hyperactivity, and attention all involve components that comprise self-regulation.

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