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Self-regulation is a global term that has multiple subconstructs and is often used interchangeably with terms such as behavioral control, behavioral regulation, self-control, self-management, effortful control, and self-regulated learning (Boekaerts et al., 2000; Bronson, 2000; Eisenberg et al., 2001; Post et al., 2006). Baumeister and Vohs (2004) provided the most global definition for self-regulation. They defined self-regulation as a person’s ability to modulate, activate, and depress cognitive, behavioral and emotional responses to a variety of stimuli. Given this definition of self-regulation, research regarding inhibition, motivation, compliance, modulating emotion, impulsivity, hyperactivity, and attention all involve components that comprise self-regulation.
References and Readings
- Barkley, R. A. (2001). The executive functions and self-regulation: An evolutionary neuropsychological perspective. Neuropsychology Reviews, 11, 1–29.Google Scholar
- Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of self-regulation. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Lewis, M. D., & Todd, R. M. (2007). The self-regulating brain: Cortical-subcortical feedback and the development of intelligent action. Cognitive Development, 22, 406–430.Google Scholar
- Sheese, B. A., Rothbart, M. K., Posner, M. I., White, L. K., & Fraundorf, S. H. (2008). Executive attention and self-regulation in infancy. Infant Behavior & Development, 3, 501–510.Google Scholar