Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

pp 881-881

Domain Referenced Test Interpretation

  • Sandra BanksAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Allegheny General Hospital


Criterion-Referenced testing; Content-Referenced testing; Objective-Referenced testing


Domain-referenced, or criterion-referenced, test interpretation is the concept that an examinee’s scores on a test are interpreted with reference to the particular cognitive ability being assessed rather than in comparison with the performance of a population of individuals (norm-referenced testing). For example, when examining reading ability, domain-referenced interpretation is exemplified when a neuropsychologist interprets an examinee’s performance in terms of reading mastery or how the current reading level compares to a previous level of reading. This interpretation also assists in predicting the examinee’s performance on a criterion. The benefit of this type of interpretation is that it allows the referral source, patient, caregiver, or other interested parties to understand the potential impact of a deficit in the examinee’s daily life, such as particular su ...

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