Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Error Recognition and Correction

  • Kristen Dams-O’Connor
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_1089

Synonyms

Definition

Error recognition refers to the ability to recognize or detect the presence of an error; recognition may happen as the error is being made or after it has occurred. Error correction is the ability to use knowledge about the presence of an error to remedy or correct it, allowing for an error-free outcome.

Error recognition and correction are distinct cognitive processes that facilitate adaptive functional living.

Current Knowledge

Human error has been a topic of interest in both clinical and applied psychology for decades, appearing in research on industrial safety, driving accidents, and computer science. More recently, investigation into the process of error recognition and correction among individuals with impaired cognitive functioning has expanded our understanding of the cognitive skills and brain regions involved. Early case studies described patients with frontal lobe damage the ability of which to...

This is a preview of subscription access content, login to check access

References and Readings

  1. Bettcher, B. M., Giovannetti, T., Macmullen, L., & Libon, D. J. (2008). Error detection and correction patterns in dementia: A breakdown of error monitoring processes and their neuropsychological correlates. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14, 199–208.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Carter, C., Braver, T. S., Barch, D. M., Botvinick, M. M., Noll, D., & Cohen, J. D. (1998). Anterior cingulated cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performance. Science, 280, 747–749.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Crosson, B., Barco, P. P., Velozo, C. A., Bolesta, M. M., Cooper, P. V., Werts, D., et al. (1989). Awareness and compensation in postacute head injury rehabilitation. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 4, 46–54.Google Scholar
  4. Giovannetti, T., Libon, D. J., & Hart, T. (2002). Awareness of naturalistic action errors in dementia. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 8, 633–644.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Hart, T., Giovannetti, T., Montgomery, M. W., & Schwartz, M. F. (1998). Awareness of errors in naturalistic action after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 13, 16–28.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Luria, A. R., Pribram, K. M., & Homskaya, E. D. (1964). An experimental analysis of the behavioral disturbance produced by a left frontal arachnoidal endothelioma (meningioma). Neuropsychologia, 2, 257–280.Google Scholar
  7. Mathalon, D. H., Whitfield, S. L., & Ford, J. M. (2003). Anatomy of an error: ERP and fMRI. Biological Psychology, 64, 119–141.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Sohlberg, M. M., & Mateer, C. A. (2001). Management of dysexecutive symptoms. In M. M. Sohlberg & C. A. Mateer (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation: An integrative neuropsychological approach (pp. 230–268). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  9. Toglia, J., & Kirk, U. (2000). Understanding awareness deficits following brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 15, 57–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristen Dams-O’Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai School of MedicineDepartment of Rehabilitation MedicineNew YorkUSA