Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Error Recognition and Correction

  • Kristen Dams-O’Connor
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_1089



Error recognition refers to the ability to recognize or detect the presence of an error; recognition may happen as the error is being made or after it has occurred. Error correction is the ability to use knowledge about the presence of an error to remedy or correct it, allowing for an error-free outcome.

Error recognition and correction are distinct cognitive processes that facilitate adaptive functional living.

Current Knowledge

Human error has been a topic of interest in both clinical and applied psychology for decades, appearing in research on industrial safety, driving accidents, and computer science. More recently, investigation into the process of error recognition and correction among individuals with impaired cognitive functioning has expanded our understanding of the cognitive skills and brain regions involved. Early case studies described patients with frontal lobe damage the ability of which to...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristen Dams-O’Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai School of MedicineDepartment of Rehabilitation MedicineNew YorkUSA