Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Emotional Intelligence

  • Norma S. Guerra
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_990

Synonyms

Definition

Emotional intelligence (EI) is an extension of social intelligence that describes a person’s innate cognitive ability to perceive, identify, assess, understand, manage, and explain emotions in order to reason, guide thinking and action, solve problems, and regulate behavior. Empathy, or the understanding of other’s feelings, is a critical characteristic of EI. Proponents of EI theory argue that it is the best predictor of success in life and creates the best social relations. EI influences behavior in a wide range of domains including school, community, and the workplace [1].

Description

History

Intelligence quotient (IQ) tests are administered to measure cognitive abilities, including verbal/numerical memory and reasoning and other problem solving skills. For a long time, the results of these tests were considered the primary predictor of future success. However, some researchers proposed that IQ results alone were not...

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References

  1. 1.
    Emmerling, J., & Goleman, D. (2003). Emotional Intelligence: Issues and Common Misunderstandings. Retrieved July 8, 2008, from http://eqi.org/gole3.htm
  2. 2.
    Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bloomsbury Books.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D., Ciarrochi, J., Dalle, N., Freedman, J., Gardner, K. J., et al. (2004–2007). Emotional intelligence information: A site dedicated to communicating scientific information about emotional intelligence, including relevant aspects of emotions, cognition, and personality. Retrieved June 24, 2008, from http://www.unh.edu/emotional_intelligence/
  4. 4.
    Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 197–215.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norma S. Guerra
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Education and Human Development, Counseling, Educational Psychology and Adult and Higher EducationUniversity of TexasSan AntonioUSA