Computational skills are the selection and application of arithmetic operations to calculate solutions to mathematical problems.
Arithmetic encompasses a set of mathematic processes that include number sense, the understanding of mathematic principles such as the associative and commutative properties, and computational skills. Specifically, computational skills are defined as the abilities to calculate basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems quickly and accurately using mental methods, paper-and-pencil, and other tools, such as a calculator. This requires the selection of the appropriate arithmetic operation. Also, computational skills require the execution of the steps to calculate the solution. The term computational fluency expands the definition to include the flexible application of calculation strategies and the automatic...
- 1.Baroody, A. (2003). The development of adaptive expertise and flexibility: The integration of conceptual and procedural knowledge. In A. Baroody & A. Dowker (Eds.), The development of arithmetic concepts and skills: Constructing adaptive expertise (pp. 1–33). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- 2.National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Principals and standards for school mathematics. Reston, VA: NCTM.Google Scholar
- 3.National Research Council (2001). Adding it up: Helping children learn mathematics. In J. Kilpatrick, J. Swafford, & B. Findell (Eds.), Mathematics Learning Study Committee, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- 5.Varol, F., & Farran, D. (2007). Elementary school students’ mental computation proficiencies. Early Childhood Education Journal, 35(1), 89–94.Google Scholar