Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity

  • LaRicka R. Wingate
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_367


The Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity (BITCH) is a 100-question culturally specific test developed by Williams [2].


Assessment tests in psychology have historically been culturally biased against members of ethnic minority groups. Psychological assessments were commonly normed on White middle-class people and consisted of questions relevant to the White middle-class lifestyle and language usage. Williams wanted to develop a test that was both culture specific and dialect specific.

The process of test development began with Williams identifying over 100 terms that were both specific to Black culture and common. He then piloted the words for clarity, objectivity, and ability to discriminate between Black and White experimental groups. The test is composed of 100 multiple choice questions that assess culturally correct definitions for the exam items. These questions consisted of words common in Black dialect, slang, and vernacular in the 1970s.


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  1. 1.
    Matarazzo, J. D., & Wiens, A. N. (1977). Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity and Wechsler adult intelligence scale scores of Black and White police applicants. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 57–63.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Williams, R. L. (1972). The BITCH-100: A culture-specific test. In Paper presented at the American psychological association, Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • LaRicka R. Wingate
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA