Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Transitional Bilingual Education

  • Corey E. Ray-Subramanian
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2941


An educational approach in the United States for students with limited English proficiency in which the students are instructed in their primary language for a limited time until they have reached sufficient proficiency in English and are then transitioned to English-only instruction.


Transitional bilingual education programs are referred to as early-exit programs if students receive bilingual instruction (i.e., at least some instruction in primary language in addition to instruction in English) for 2 years or less and late-exit if students receive bilingual instruction for most or all of their elementary school years (typically around 40% of instruction in primary language until sixth grade) [1]. Language proficiency and academic achievement in English is the central long-term goal of such programs. Longitudinal research has demonstrated that late-exit bilingual education programs are associated with faster growth rates in academic achievement and similar...

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  1. 1.
    Baker, C. (2001). Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism (3rd ed.). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters Ltd.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ramirez, J. D., Yuen, S., & Ramey, D. R. (1991). Final report: Longitudinal study of structured English immersion strategy, early-exit and late-exit transitional bilingual education programs for language-minority children. San Mateo, CA: Aguirre International.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corey E. Ray-Subramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Waisman CenterUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA