Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2662



Sleep is one of a child’s primary activities from infancy to adolescence. Sleep in infancy and childhood is often thought of as a passive, inert, or isolated state, but it is actually a very active, physiological state that is influenced by a multitude of factors.


Sleep is significantly influenced by a wide array of behavioral, developmental, health, environmental, social and emotional factors, and characteristics of and sleep practices of both the caregiver and child (see Fig. 1). Sleep is necessary for children to function at their optimal level, and lack of sleep can affect numerous aspects of their growth, health, behavior, and development, as well as overall quality of life.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access


  1. 1.
    Owens, J., & Mindell, J. (2005). Take charge of your child’s sleep: The all in one resource for solving sleep problems in kids and teens. New York: Marlowe & Company.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mindell, J., & Owens, J. (2003). A clinical guide to pediatric sleep: Diagnosis and management of sleep problems. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sheldon, S., Ferber, R., & Kryger, M. (Eds.). (2005). Principles and practice of sleep medicine. Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Pulmonary DivisionUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA