Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Sex-Education Programs

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2609

Synonyms

Definition

According to the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), “Sexuality education is a lifelong process of acquiring information and forming attitudes, beliefs, and values. It encompasses sexual development, sexual and reproductive health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body image, and gender roles” [6]. A sex-education program is one way by which children may learn about sexuality.

Description

In today’s society, the sexual health of youth is of paramount importance. According to a recent study by The Guttmacher Institute [1], adolescents in the United States are having sexual intercourse, becoming pregnant, and contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Specifically, 46% of all adolescents aged 15–19 years old have engaged in sexual intercourse. In addition, approximately 750,000 teenage girls become pregnant each year. Of these pregnancies, 82% are unintended and over 25% are...

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References

  1. 1.
    Guttmacher Institute. (2010). Facts on American teens' sexual and reproductive health. Retrieved February 14, 2010, from http://www.guttmacher.org
  2. 2.
    Kirby, D. (2002). The impact of schools and school programs upon adolescent sexual behavior. The Journal of Sex Research, 39(1), 27–33.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kirby, D. K. (2007). Emerging answers 2007: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Siegel, D. M., Aten, M. J., & Enaharo, M. (2001). Long-term effects of a middle school- and high school-based human immunodeficiency virus sexual risk prevention intervention. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 155, 1117–1126.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Office of the Surgeon General. (2001). The surgeon general’s call to action to promote sexual health and responsible sexual behavior. Retrieved February 14, 2010, from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/sexualhealth/call.htm
  6. 6.
    Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). (2008). Sexuality education Q & A. Retrieved February 14, 2010, from http://www.siecus.org

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Education (School Psychology)Loyola University ChicagoChicagoUSA