Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Self-Reinforcement

  • Anthony R. ArtinoJr.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2560

Synonyms

Definition

Self-reinforcement is a process whereby individuals control their own behavior by rewarding themselves when a certain standard of performance has been attained or surpassed.

Description

Self-reinforcement is a method of self-conditioning that acts to strengthen the association between certain stimuli and certain responses [8]. In the behavioral theory of operant conditioning, the most fundamental principle is that a response followed by a reinforcer is strengthened and is therefore more likely to occur again [7]. Reinforcement, then, is the act of following a response with a reinforcer and is one of the primary tools of operant conditioning.

Socially-mediated reinforcement (or direct reinforcement) involves the delivery of reinforcement from another person [3, 7]. In his description of social cognitive theory, Bandura [3] proposed two other forms of reinforcement: vicarious reinforcement and...

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References

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    Bandura, A. (1976). Self-reinforcement: Theoretical and methodological considerations. Behaviorism, 4, 135–155.Google Scholar
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    Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
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    Jones, R. T., Nelson, R. E., & Kazdin, A. E. (1977). The role of external variables in self-reinforcement: A review. Behavior Modification, 1, 147–178.Google Scholar
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    Ormrod, J. E. (2008). Human learning (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
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    Wolters, C. A. (2003). Regulation of motivation: Evaluating an underemphasized aspect of self-regulated learning. Educational Psychologist, 38(4), 189–205.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony R. ArtinoJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and BiometricsUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA