Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

pp 1236-1238

Regulation of Emotion

  • Anthony R. ArtinoJr.Affiliated withDepartment of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences


Emotion control; Emotion management; Emotion regulation; Emotional self-regulation; Self-regulation of emotion


Regulation of emotion refers to the processes whereby individuals monitor, evaluate, and modify their emotions in an effort to control which emotions they have, when they have them, and how they experience and express those emotions.


Before discussing regulation of emotion, it is important to first define emotion. Unfortunately, there is no clear consensus among affect researchers as to the one best definition of emotion. Instead, research and theory on emotion have been characterized by much conceptual and definitional confusion [4]. This confusion is due, in part, to the fact that emotion has been studied from a diverse set of disciplinary perspectives, including, for example, psychology, neuroscience, sociology, and philosophy [7]. However, in terms of organization and association with other constructs, emotion is ofte ...

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