Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

pp 1081-1082

Personal Narratives

  • Bernadette Hassan SolórzanoAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Our Lady of the Lake University Community Counseling Service Email author 


Diaries; Histories; Journals; Narrative conversations; Outsider witnesses; Stories; Tales; Testimonials


Polkinghorne [3] stated that “narrative can refer to the process of making a story, to the cognitive scheme of the story, or the result of the process.” (p. 13) “Narrative” is a term that has become increasingly used in mainstream culture to describe such things as cultural narratives, gender narratives, political narratives, survivor narratives, illness narratives, etc [2, 5]. Narratives are used therapeutically in psychology. Postmodern therapy approaches consider narratives as a powerful component of therapy since postmodernist therapists believe that reality is constituted in language and narratives can be used to change understandings of a situation. If clients can create a more empowered narrative, it is the first step to creating an improved future. Personal narratives can be utilized in written or oral form. Michael White and David Epston im ...

This is an excerpt from the content