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Liveness Detection: Fingerprint

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Synonyms

Anti-spoofing; Vitality

Definition

In biometric systems, the goal of liveness testing is to determine if the biometric being captured is an actual measurement from the authorized, live person who is present at the time of capture. While fingerprint systems may have an excellent performance and improve security. Previous studies have shown it is not difficult to make molds of latent fingerprints left by legitimate users and to create fake fingers made from Play-Doh, gelatin, and silicone materials to fool a variety of fingerprint scanners, termed spoofing. Liveness detection reduces the risk of spoofing by requiring a liveness signature, in addition to matched biometric information. Methods can be divided into hardware and software categories. Hardware methods include measurements like pulse oximetry, electrocardiogram, or odor, while software based measurements use additional processing of the biometric information itself to isolate liveness signatures like perspiration and...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_68
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Liveness Detection: Fingerprint. Figure 1
Liveness Detection: Fingerprint. Figure 2
Liveness Detection: Fingerprint. Figure 3

References

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Schuckers, S.A.C. (2009). Liveness Detection: Fingerprint. In: Li, S.Z., Jain, A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Biometrics. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_68

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