Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Fingerprint Fake Detection

  • Jean-François Mainguet
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_59



Fingerprint fake detection is used to identify a fake finger, such as a cast made of latex. By extension, it also includes tests to detect a cut finger or dead finger, or a latent print remaining on a sensor after usage.


In “Diamonds are forever” (1971) [1] James Bond took the identity of Peter Frank with a thin layer of latex glued on his fingertip to spoof Tiffany Case’s camera. James was using a simple fake finger, but the situation can be worse. With automated fingerprint recognition systems becoming more widely used, concerns over fingerprint fake detection have increased. In March 2005, a team of carjackers in Subang Jaya in Malaysia chopped off part of the owner’s left index finger, when they realized that his S-Class Mercedes Benz had a security feature which would immobilize the car without his...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Danjaq, S.A.: DIAMONDS ARE FOREVER Copyright © (1971)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Transplantation des deux mains dans le service de chirurgie de transplantation de l’Hôpital Edouard Herriot/Hôpitaux de Lyon. January 13, 2000 http://www.chu-lyon.fr/internet/relations_medias/2005/5ans_double_greffe/dossier_presse_5ans_double_greffe.pdf
  3. 3.
    US Department of Justice’s US Attorney’s office for Arizona press release, May 3 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    van der Putte, T., Keuning, J.: Biometrical fingerprint recognition don’t get your fingers burned. In: Proceedings of IFIP TC8/WG8.8 Fourth Working Conference on Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications, pp. 289–303. Kluwer, Dordecht (2000) (http://cryptome.org/fake-prints.htm)
  5. 5.
    Kàkona, M.: Biometrics: yes or no? (http://home.i.cz/kakl/biometrics/Biometricsyesorno.htm). Accessed Feb 11, (2009)
  6. 6.
    Thalheim, L., Krissler, J., Ziegler, P.M.: Body check: biometric access protection devices and their programs put to the test (http://www.heise.de/ct/02/11/114/)
  7. 7.
    Matsumoto, T., Matsumoto, H., Yamada, K., Hoshino, S.: Impact of artificial gummy fingers on fingerprint systems. In: Proceedings of SPIE on Optical Security and Counterfeit Deterrence Techniques IV, San Jose, CA, vol. #4677 (2002) (http://cryptome.org/gummy.htm)
  8. 8.
    Kang, H., Lee, B., Kim, H., Shin D., Kim, J.: A study on performance evaluation of the liveness detection for various fingerprint sensor modules. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0df29gectgdkwrkl/
  9. 9.
    Blommé, J.: Evaluation of biometric security systems against artificial fingers (http://www.ep.liu.se/exjobb/isy/2003/3514/exjobb.pdf). Accessed Feb 11, (2009)
  10. 10.
    Stén, A., Kaseva, A., Virtanen, T.: Fooling fingerprint scanners – biometric vulnerabilities of the precise biometrics 100 SC scanner. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Australian Information Warfare and IT Security Conference, Adelaide, Australia (2003) http://www.stdot.com/pub/ffs_article_asten_akaseva.pdf
  11. 11.
    Sandström, M.: Liveness detection in fingerprint recognition systems. Ph.D. thesis, Linkoping University, Sweden (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    van der Putte, T.: Workshop spoofing fingerprints, SAFE-NL, University of Twente http://wwwes.cs.utwente.nl/safe-nl/meetings/08-06-2006/ton.pdf
  13. 13.
    Chaos Computer Club, How to fake fingerprints? October 26, 2004 http://www.ccc.de/biometrie/fingerabdruck_kopieren.xml?language = en
  14. 14.
    Martinez-Diaz, M., Fierrez-Aguilar, J., Alonso-Fernandez, F., Ortega-Garcia, J., Siguenza, J.A.: Hill-climbing and brute-force attacks on biometric systems: a case study in match-on-card fingerprint verification. In: Proceedings of the 40th Annual IEEE International Carnahan conferences security technology, Lexington, Kentucky, pp. 151–159 (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ross, A., Shah, J., Jain, A.K.: Towards reconstructing fingerprints from minutiae points. In: Proceedings of SPIE Conference on Biometric Technology for Human Identification II, Orlando, FL, pp. 68–80 (2005)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nixon, K.A., Rowe, R.K.: Multispectral fingerprint imaging for spoof detection. In: Jain, A., Ratha, N. (eds.) Proceedings of SPIE on Biometric Technology for Human Identification II, Bellingham, WA, vol. 5779, pp. 214–225 (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Parthasaradhi, S., Derakhshani, R., Hornak, L., Schuckers, SAC.: Time-series detection of perspiration as a liveness test in fingerprint devices. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C Appl. Rev. 35, 335–343 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Antonelli, A., Cappelli, R., Maio, D., Maltoni, D.: A new approach to fake finger detection based on skin distortion. International Conference on Biometric Authentication (ICBA’06), Hong Kong, China (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Baldisserra, D., Franco, A., Maio, D., Maltoni, D.: Fake fingerprint detection by odor analysis. International Conference on Biometric Authentication (ICBA’06), Hong Kong, China (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-François Mainguet
    • 1
  1. 1.Grenoble France