Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2010 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan

Existential Psychotherapy

  • Stephen A. Diamond
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71802-6_222

Existential psychotherapy is based upon the principles of both humanistic and existential psychology, the latter being a movement with roots in the existential philosophy and writings of Heidegger, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Ortega y Gasset, Dostoevsky, Kafka, Camus, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, Tillich, Buber, and others. Otto Rank, Medard Boss, Ludwig Binswanger, Karl Jaspers, Eugene Minkowski, Ronald Kuhn, V. E. von Gebsattel, J. H. Van Den Berg, H. J. Buytendijk and G. Bally were among the first to apply existential principles to the practice of psychotherapy (calling it Daseinsanalyse or existential analysis) in Europe, followed prominently by Viktor Frankl (Vienna), R. D. Laing (London), and Rollo May, J. F. T. Bugental, Thomas Szasz, Frederick “Fritz” Perls and Irvin Yalom in the United States. It was psychoanalyst Rollo May along with psychiatrist Henri Ellenberger who, in 1958, introduced the European existential analysts to American clinicians in their groundbreaking book, Exi...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen A. Diamond
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Existential Depth Psychology Los AngelesCAUSA