Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology

2010 Edition
| Editors: Caroline S. Clauss-Ehlers

Community Violence

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71799-9_84
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Community violence is defined as chronic exposure to interpersonal violence that occurs in neighborhoods where children and families live. Community violence refers to that which occurs in public places, and although frequently interrelated, does not include violence that occurs within the home, at school, or in the media. Exposure to community violence comes in many forms, as youth experience violence through personal victimization, witnessing events in their neighborhoods, and hearing about events that have occurred in their communities. These experiences include life-threatening events such as attacks with guns and knives, as well as events that imply danger, such as drug deals, seeing a dead body, and hearing gunshots in one’s neighborhood. Children and adolescents in the United States (U.S.) report astonishing rates of community violence exposure, and in recent years, community violence has been described as a public health epidemic. This issue has received increased national...

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Suggested Reading

  1. Overstreet, S. (2000). Exposure to community violence: Defining the problem and understanding the consequences. Journal of Child and Family Studies 9, 7–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Overstreet, S., & Cerbone, A. (2005). Psychological effects of armed conflict and community violence. In C. L. Frisby & C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of multicultural school psychology (pp. 769–794). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Stein, B. D., Jaycox, L. H., Kataoka, S., Rhodes, H. J., & Vestal, K. D. (2003). Prevalence of child and adolescent exposure to community violence. Clinical Child and Family Review 6, 247–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. The National Center for Children Exposed to Violence—http://www.nccev.org/violence/community.html: This website provides a variety of resources related to community violence such as statistics and links to literature and other relevant websites.
  2. National Youth Violence Prevention Center—http://www.safeyouth.org/scripts/teens/community.asp: Provides community violence prevention strategies and links to other helpful websites.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTulane UniversityNew OrleansU.S.A.