Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology

2010 Edition
| Editors: Caroline S. Clauss-Ehlers

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale

  • Andrea E Antonson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71799-9_400

The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale™, referred to as Stanford-Binet (SB), is a widely accepted standard in the measurement of intelligence, and has the longest tradition in American intelligence testing. The well-known term “Intelligence Quotient,” or IQ, is the result of the Stanford-Binet. The Stanford-Binet’s history dates back to the contributions made by Louis Terman of Stanford University in 1916, and the pioneering works of Alfred Binet and Theophile Simon.

In 1904, Alfred Binet was commissioned by the French Ministry of Public Instruction to develop a means of diagnosing mental retardation in primary grade children in Paris. The objective was to identify students of slight mental retardation and move them from the normal classroom into schools where they would benefit from more specialized education. In 1905, Alfred Binet and Theophile Simon produced the first intelligence test, known as the Binet–Simon scale, or simply, the Binet scale. This test was arranged in increasing...

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Suggested Reading

  1. Becker, K. A. (2003). History of the Stanford-Binet intelligence scales: Content and psychometrics, (5th ed.). Itasca, IL: Riverside Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Strydom, J. (n.d.) IQ Test: Where does it come from? IQ Online Magazine. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from http://iq-test.learninginfo.org/iq01.htm

Suggested Resources

  1. Riverside Publishing—http://www.riverpub.com/products/sb5/index.html: This website provides full detailed information on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition, including a history of the Stanford-Binet.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea E Antonson
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Education, Department of Educational PsychologyRutgers, The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickU.S.A.