Indian Medicinal Plants

2007 Edition
| Editors: C.P. Khare

Dioscorea alata Linn.

  • C.P. Khare
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-70638-2_501
  • 47 Downloads
Synonym

D. atropurpurea Roxb. D. globosa Roxb. D. purpureaRoxb.

Family

Dioscoreaceae.

Habitat

Native to East Asia; cultivated in Assam, Vadodara, Tamil Nadu, Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.

English

Wild Yam, Greater Yam, Asiatic Yam.

Ayurvedic

Kaashthaaluka. Aaluka (var.). Aalukas (yams) of Ayurvedic texts, belong to Dioscorea spp.

Siddha/Tamil

Perumvalli kizhangu.

Folk

Kathaalu.

Action

Even the best among the cultivated yams causes irritation in the throat or a feeling of discomfort when eaten raw. Wild yams—cholagogue, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, diuretic. Also used for painful periods, cramps and muscle tension.

Key application

Dioscorea villosa L., Wild Yam—as spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The edible tubers of Dioscorea alataare purple-coloured and contain anthocyanins, cyanidin and peonidin-3-gentiobioside acylated with sinapic acid. The tubers contain surcose, while leaves contain large quantities of D-fructose, D-glucose and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • C.P. Khare
    • 1
  1. 1.New Delhi-110 058India