Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Database Systems

pp 359-360

Clinical Observation

  • Dan RusslerAffiliated withOracle Health Sciences


Clinical result; Clinical judgment; Clinical test; Finding of observation


  1. 1.

    The act of measuring, questioning, evaluating, or otherwise observing a patient or a specimen from a patient in healthcare; the act of making a clinical judgment.

  2. 2.

    The result, answer, judgment, or knowledge gained from the act of observing a patient or a specimen from a patient in healthcare.

These two definitions of “observation” have caused confusion in clinical communications, especially when applying the term to the rigor of standardized terminologies. When developing a list of observations, the terminologists have differed on whether the list of terms should refer to the “act of observing” or the “result of the observation.”

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) (www.​loinc.​org) focus on observation as the “act of observing.” Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) (www.​ihtsdo.​org) asserts that “General finding of observation of patient” is a synonym ...

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