Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) is the study of the way in which computer technology influences human work and activities. The term “computer technology” now-a-days includes most technology from obvious computers with screens and keyboards to mobile phones, household appliances, in-car navigation systems and even embedded sensors and actuators such as automatic lighting. HCI has an associated design discipline, sometimes called Interaction Design or User-Centered Design, focused on how to design computer technology so that it is as easy and pleasant to use as possible. A key aspect of the design discipline is the notion of “usability,” which is often defined in terms of efficiency, effectiveness and satisfaction. However, equally or more important in systems designed for personal use,...
- 1.Carroll J. HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks: Toward a Multidisciplinary Science. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2003.Google Scholar
- 2.Dix A. Human-computer interaction and web design, Chapter 3. In Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design, R.W, Proctor K.L. Vu (eds.). Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, 2005, pp. 28–47.Google Scholar
- 3.Dix A., Finlay J., Abowd G., and Beale R. Human-Computer Interaction, 3rd edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004.Google Scholar
- 4.Engelbart D. Augmenting human intellect: a conceptual framework. Summary Report AFOSR-3223 under Contract AF 49(638)-1024, SRI Project 3578 for Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, CA, 1962. Available online at: http://www.bootstrap.org/.
- 5.Jones M. and Marsden G. Mobile Interaction Design. Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2005.Google Scholar
- 6.Norman D.A. and Draper S.W. (eds.). User Centered System Design: New Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, 1986.Google Scholar
- 7.Sears A. and Jacko J. 1(eds.). The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook: Fundamentals, Evolving Technologies, and Emerging Applications, 2nd edn. CRC Press, West Palm Beach, FL, 2007.Google Scholar
- 8.Shackel B. Ergonomics for a Computer. Design, 120:36–39, 1959.Google Scholar
- 9.Sharp H., Rogers Y., and Preece J. Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd edn. Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2007.Google Scholar
- 10.Shneiderman B. and Plaisant C. Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction, 4th edn. Addison-Wesley, Boston, MA, 2005.Google Scholar
- 11.Spence R. Information Visualization: Design for Interaction, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Uppersaddle River, NJ, 2007.Google Scholar
- 12.Suchman L. Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-Machine Communication. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 1987.Google Scholar
- 13.US Department of Health and Human Services. Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines. Available online at: http://www.usability.gov/pdfs/guidelines.html (accessed on November 12, 2007).