Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2009 Edition
| Editors: LING LIU, M. TAMER ÖZSU

Database Security

  • Elena Ferrari
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_111

Synonyms

Definition

Database security is a discipline that seeks to protect data stored into a DBMS from intrusions, improper modifications, theft, and unauthorized disclosures. This is realized through a set of security services, which meet the security requirements of both the system and the data sources. Security services are implemented through particular processes, which are called security mechanisms.

Historical Background

Research in database security has its root in operating system security [ 6], whereas its developments follow those in DBMSs. Database security has many branches, whose main historical developments are summarized in what follows:
  • Access control. In the 1970s, as part of the research on System R at IBM Almaden Research Center, there was a lot of work on access control for relational DBMSs [3]. About the same time, some early work on Multilevel Secure Database Management Systems (MLS/DBMSs) was reported, whereas much of the development on...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Air Force Studies Board and Committee on Multilevel data management security. Multilevel data management security. National Academy, WA, USA, 1983.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bertino E., Laggieri D., and Terzi E. Securing DBMS: characterizing and detecing query flood. In Proc. 9th Information Security Conference, 2004, pp. 195–206.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bertino E. and Sandhu R.S. Database security: concepts, approaches, and challenges. IEEE Trans. Depend. Secure Comput., 2(1):2–19, 2005.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brainard J., Juels A., Rivest R.L., Szydlo M., and Yung M. Fourth-factor authentication: somebody you know. In Proc. 13th ACM Conf. on Computer and Communications Security, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carminati B., Ferrari E., and Thuraisingham B.M. Access control for web data: models and policy languages. Annals Telecomm., 61(3–4):245–266, 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Castano S., Fugini M.G., Martella G., and Samarati P. Database security. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1995.MATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Damiani M.L. and Bertino E. Access control systems for geo-spatial data and applications. In Modelling and Management of Geographical Data over Distributed Architectures, A. Belussi, B. Catania, E. Clementini, E. Ferrari (eds.). Springer, 2007, pp. 189–214.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ferraiolo D.F., Sandhu R.S., Gavrila S.I., Kuhn D.R., and Chandramouli R. Proposed NIST standard for role-based access control. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur., 4(3):224–274, 2001.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferrari E. and Thuraisingham B.M. Secure database systems. In Advanced Databases: Technology and Design, O. Diaz, M. Piattini (eds.). Artech House, London, 2000.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Halfond W.G., Viegas J., and Orso A. A classification of SQL-injection attacks and countermeasures. Int. Symp. on Secure Software Engineering, 2006.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Leino-Kilpi H., Valimaki M., Dassen T., Gasull M., Lemonidou C., Scott A., and Arndt M. Privacy: a review of the literature. Int. J. Nurs. Stud., (38):663–671, 2001.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pang H. and Tan K.L. Verifying completeness of relational query answers from online servers. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur., 11(2), 2008, article no. 5.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pfleeger C.P. and Pfleeger S.L. Security in computing, 3rd edn. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.University of InsubriaVareseItaly