Encyclopedia of GIS

2008 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong

Change Detection

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-35973-1_129


Detection of changes; Digital change detection methods; Land cover change detection


Change Detection can be defined as the process of identifying differences in the state of an object or phenomenon by observing it at different times [1]. This process is usually applied to earth surface changes at two or more times. The primary source of data is geographic and is usually in digital format (e. g., satellite imagery), analog format (e. g., aerial photos), or vector format (e. g., feature maps). Ancillary data (e. g., historical, economic, etc.) can also be used.

Historical Background

Change detection history starts with the history of remote sensing and especially the first aerial photography taken in 1859 by Gaspard Felix Tournachon, also known as Nadar. Thereafter, the development of change detection is closely associated with military technology during world wars I and II and the strategic advantage provided by temporal information acquired by remote sensing....


Change Detection Earth Surface Solar Angle Spectral Mixture Analysis Change Detection Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Singh, A.: Digital change detection techniques using remotely‐sensed data. Int. J. Remote Sens. 10(6), 989–1003 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lunetta, R.S., Elvidge, C.D.: Remote sensing change detection: environmental monitoring methods and applications. Ann Arbor Press, Chelsea, USA, (1998) p. 318Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coppin, P., Jonckheere, I., Nackaerts, K., Muys, B., Lambin, E.: Digital change detection methods in ecosystem monitoring: a review. Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(9), 1565–1596 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lu, D., Mausel, P., Brondízios, E., Moran, E.: Change detection techniques. Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(12), 2365–2407 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mas, J.-F.: Monitoring land-cover changes: a comparison of change detection techniques. Int. J. Remote Sens. 20(1), 139–152 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Canada Centre for Remote Sensing. http://ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php. Accessed November 2006
  7. 7.
    Diversitas – Integrating biodiversity science for human well-being. http://www.diversitas-international.org/. Accessed November 2006
  8. 8.
    ESA – Observing the Earth. http://www.esa.int/esaEO/index.html. Accessed November 2006
  9. 9.
    Global Change Master Directory. http://gcmd.nasa.gov/index.html. Accessed November 2006
  10. 10.
    IGBP – International Geosphere‐Biosphere Programme. http://www.igbp.net/. Accessed November 2006
  11. 11.
    IHDP – International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change. http://www.ihdp.org/. Accessed November 2006
  12. 12.
    WCRP – World Climate Research Programme. http://wcrp.wmo.int/. Accessed November 2006

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GIS Training and Research CenterIdaho State UniversityPocatello IdahoUSA