Encyclopedia of GIS

2008 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong

Privacy and Security Challenges in GIS

  • Bhavani Thuraisingham
  • Latifur Khan
  • Ganesh Subbiah
  • Ashraful Alam
  • Murat Kantarcioglu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-35973-1_1018

Synonyms

Geographic data management

Definition

Geospatial data refers to information about shapes and extent of geographic entities along with their locations on the surface of the earth. This definition, however, is often extended to include any physical or logical entity as long as it exhibits one or more geographic characteristics such as topology of a proposed highway infrastructure or location of a moving vehicle. Geospatial data management pertains to the acquisition, manipulation and dissemination of geospatial data under a set of guidelines. It has numerous applications including counter‐terrorism, climate‐change detection and space exploration. For example, global warming has been one of the major climate changing events in recent years. The significance of global warming lies in the severe impact that even small climate changes could cause on weather patterns, ecosystems and other activities. Understanding the causes and impacts of global warming is therefore critical....

Keywords

Geospatial Data Access Control Model Open Geospatial Consortium Semantic Heterogeneity Privacy Preserve Data Mining 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Assessing the Homeland Security Implications of Publicly Available Geospatial Information. Rand Report for NGA (2004)Google Scholar
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    National Research Council: Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report, NOAA Operational Satellites. National Research Council (2004)Google Scholar
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    Geography Markup Language (GML) Version 3.1.1. http://portal.opengeospatial.org/files/?artifact_id=4700
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    Atluri, V., Chun, S.: An authorization model for geospatial data. IEEE Trans. Dependable Sec. Comput. 1, 238–254 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Geospatial Interoperability Reference Model (GIRM, V 1.1) http://gai.fgdc.gov/. Accessed December 2003
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    Lieberman, J., Pehle, T., Dean, M.: Semantic Evolution of Geospatial Web Services. http://www.w3.org/2005/04/FSWS/Submissions/48/GSWS_Position_Paper.html
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    Belussi, A., Bertino, E., Catania, B., Damiani, M.L., Nucita, A: An authorization model for geographical maps. http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/conf/gis/gis2004.html GIS 2004
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    Ashraful, A., Thuraisingham, B.: Geospatial resource description framework (GRDF) and secure GRDF. Tech. Rep. UTDCS-03–06, University of Texas at Dallas (2006) http://www.cs.utdallas.edu
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    Matheus, A.: Declaration and enforcement of fine-grained access restrictions for a service-based geospatial data infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the10th ACM Symposium on Access Control Models and Technologies, pp. 21–28. ACM, New York (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Mazzoleni, P., Bertino, E., Crispo, B., Sivasubramanian, S.:XACML policy integration algorithms:~not to be confused with XACML policy combination algorithms! In: Proceedings of 11th ACM Symposium on Access Control Models and Technologies, pp. 219–227. ACM, New York (2006)Google Scholar
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    Li, D.: Geospatial Semantic Web Research at LAITS. http://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/projects/nga/docs/Di_Position.pdf
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    Buttenfield, B., Gahegan, M., Miller, H. Geospatial Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. http://www.ucgis.org/priorities/research/research_white/2000%20Papers/emerging/gkd.pdf
  13. 13.
    Khan, L., Awad, M., Thuraisingham, B.: A new intrusion detection system using support vector machines and hierarchical clustering. VLDB J. (2007, in press)Google Scholar
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    Kantarcioglu, M., Clifton, C.: Privacy-preserving distributed mining of association rules on horizontally partitioned data. IEEE Trans. Knowl. Data Eng. 16, 1026–1037 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Onsrud, H.J., Johnson J.P., Lopez, X.: Protecting personal privacy in using geographic information systems. Photogramm. Eng. Image Process. 60:1083–1095 (1994)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhavani Thuraisingham
    • 1
  • Latifur Khan
    • 1
  • Ganesh Subbiah
    • 1
  • Ashraful Alam
    • 1
  • Murat Kantarcioglu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceThe University of Texas at DallasDallasUSA