Computer Vision

2014 Edition
| Editors: Katsushi Ikeuchi

Pinhole Camera Model

  • Peter Sturm
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-31439-6_472

Related Concepts

Definition

The pinhole camera model is the basic camera model used in computer vision. Its name originates from the concept of pinhole camera and it models perspective projections.

Background

The pinhole model is the basic camera model used in computer vision. Its name stems from the concept of pinhole camera [ 1] (also related to the camera obscura [ 2]): usually, a closed box into which a single tiny hole is made with a pin, through which light may enter and hit a photosensitive surface inside the box (cf. Fig. 1). Pinhole cameras allow to take photographs of objects, which usually requires long exposure times due to the small aperture. The principles behind pinhole cameras and the camera obscura have been known, at least partially, since the fourth century BC [ 2].
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References

  1. 1.
    Wikipedia (2011) Pinhole camera. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinhole_camera. Accessed 3 Aug 2011
  2. 2.
    Wikipedia (2011) Camera obscura. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_obscura. Accessed 5 Aug 2011
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    Sturm P, Ramalingam S, Tardif JP, Gasparini S, Barreto J (2011) Camera models and fundamental concepts used in geometric computer vision. Found Trends Comput Graph Vis 6(1–2):1–183Google Scholar
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    Hartley R, Zisserman A (2004) Multiple view geometry in computer vision, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgezbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Sturm
    • 1
  1. 1.INRIA Grenoble Rhône-AlpesSt Ismier CedexFrance