Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science

2009 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers (Editor-in-Chief)

Tsunami Forecasting and Warning

  • Osamu Kamigaichi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30440-3_568

Definition of the Subject

A tsunami is, along with strong motion, one of the two major disasters caused by earthquake. To mitigate tsunami disaster, it is important tointegrate software countermeasures like tsunami forecast to enable timely evacuation from area at risk before tsunami strikes the coast, as well as tointensify hardware countermeasures particularly in vulnerable coastal areas like building banks and water-gates. Tsunami disaster mitigation can beachieved effectively by the appropriate combination of the software and hardware countermeasures. Also, improving people's awareness on the tsunamidisaster, necessity of spontaneous evacuation when they notice an imminent threat of tsunami on their own (feeling strong shaking near the coast, seeingabnormal sea level change, etc.) and how to respond to a tsunami forecast, and conducting tsunami evacuation drill are very important issues fordisaster mitigation.

In this article, a tsunami forecast, as the most typical software...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Peter Bormann and Dr. Kenji Satake for reviewing the manuscript, theircomments and suggestions greatly improved it.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osamu Kamigaichi
    • 1
  1. 1.Japan Meteorological AgencyTokyoJapan