Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science

2009 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers (Editor-in-Chief)

Membrane Computing

  • Gheorghe PĂun
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30440-3_328

Definition of the Subject

Membrane computing is a branch of natural computing initiated in [9] which abstractscomputing models from the architecture and the functioning of living cells, as well as from the organization of cells in tissues, organs (brain included)or other higher order structures. The initial goal of membrane computing was to learn from the cell biology something possibly useful to computer science,and the area fast developed in this direction. Several classes of computing models (called P systems) were defined inthis context, inspired from biological facts or motivated from mathematical or computer science points of view. A series of applications werereported in the last years, in biology/medicine, linguistics, computer graphics, economics, approximate optimization, cryptography, etc.

The main ingredients of a P system are (i) the membrane structure, (ii) the multisets of objects placed in the compartments of themembrane structure, and (iii) the rules for processing the...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gheorghe PĂun
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian AcademyBucureştiRomania