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Building Acoustics

  • James CowanEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Abstract

This chapter summarizes and explains key concepts of building acoustics. These issues include the behavior of sound waves in rooms, the most commonly used rating systems for sound and sound control in buildings, the most common noise sources found in buildings, practical noise control methods for these sources, and the specific topic of office acoustics. Common noise issues for multi-dwelling units can be derived from most of the sections of this chapter. Books can be and have been written on each of these topics, so the purpose of this chapter is to summarize this information and provide appropriate resources for further exploration of each topic.

Keywords

Sound Pressure Level Noise Control Gypsum Board Speech Privacy Sound Insulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AC

articulation class

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

CAC

ceiling attenuation class

CMU

concrete masonry unit

HVAC

heating, ventilating and air conditioning

NRC

noise reduction coefficient

OITC

outdoor–indoor transmission class

RASTI

rapid speech transmission index

SAA

sound absorption average

SIL

sound intensity level

SIL

speech interference level

SPL

sound pressure level

STC

sound transmission class

STI

speech transmission index

TL

transmission loss

References

  1. 11.1.
    W.J. Cavanaugh, W.R. Farrell, P.W. Hirtle, B.G. Watters: Speech privacy in buildings  J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 34(4), 475–492 (1962)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC New York 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resource Systems Group Inc.White River JunctionUSA

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