The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2007 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, F. Jamil Ragep, JoAnn Palmeri, Marvin Bolt

Maksutov, Dmitry Dmitrievich

  • Alexander A. Gurshtein
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30400-7_892

BornNikolayev (Mykolayiv, Ukraine), 11/23 April 1896

DiedLeningrad (Saint Petersburg, Russia), 12 August 1964

Dmitry Maksutov was a Soviet optician who is credited as a leading designer of astronomical optical instruments after World War II. A graduate (1913) of cadet school, he was enrolled in the Military Engineering College of Saint Petersburg, but his study was interrupted by World War I. Like other members of his family, he fought in that conflict, and after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, attempted to immigrate to the United States through China but failed. Maksutov continued his education at the Tomsk Technical Institute (Siberia) and worked in Saint Petersburg and Odessa, Ukraine, where in 1930 he was arrested but miraculously survived while every other randomly chosen “suspect” was shot. He was arrested for a second time during Stalin's Great Terror in 1937.

From 1930 to 1952, Maksutov worked in the State Optical Institute (Leningrad), where he founded and headed the...

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Selected References

  1. Kopal, Z. (ed.) (1956). Proceedings of a Symposium on Astronomical Optics and Related Subjects Held in the University of Manchester April 19–22, 1955. Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
  2. Maksutov, D. D. (1954). Technologie der astronomischen Optik. Berlin: Verlag Technik.Google Scholar
  3. ——— (1984). Manufacturing and Investigation of Astronomical Optics (in Russian). 2nd ed. Moscow: Nauka.Google Scholar
  4. Petrunin, Yuri and Eduard Trigubov (2001). “Dmitri Maksutov: The Man and His Telescopes.” Sky & Telescope 102, no. 6: 52–58.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2007

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  • Alexander A. Gurshtein

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