The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2007 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, F. Jamil Ragep, JoAnn Palmeri, Marvin Bolt

Jackson, John

  • Roy H. Garstang
Reference work entry

BornPaisley, Scotland, 11 February 1887

DiedEwell, Surrey, England, 9 December 1958

John Jackson was His Majesty's Astronomer at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope.

Jackson was the fifth of eight children born to Matthew and Jeannie (née Millar) Jackson. He entered Glasgow University at the age of 16, and graduated with an M.A. in mathematics (1907), followed by a B.Sc. (1908) with special distinction in mathematics, natural philosophy, astronomy, and chemistry. Jackson then went to Cambridge University, where he obtained a first class degree in the mathematical tripos. His first research concerned the motion of the eighth satellite of Jupiter, which had been discovered by Phillibert Melotte at Greenwich in 1908.

In 1914, Jackson was appointed chief assistant at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. He did much routine observing during World War I, especially with the Airy Transit Circle. In 1917, Jackson was commissioned in the Royal Engineers. He was sent to France as a...

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Selected References

  1. Jones, H. Spencer (1959). “John Jackson.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 119: 345–348.Google Scholar
  2. ——— (1959). “John Jackson.” Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 5: 95–106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy H. Garstang

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