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The Hui are one of the 10 Muslim ethnic groups in China. In physical appearance, as well as linguistic and cultural characteristics, they are the most akin to the Han Chinese. Descendants of Chinese women married to Arab, Persian, or Turkish Muslim traders, soldiers, or envoys since the seventh century in China, they gradually came to be recognized as a different ethnoreligious group named Hui around the thirteenth to fourteenth centuries.
In China, Muslims are settled in many regions, but are most concentrated in Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Guizhou, Hebei, Liaoning, Qinghai, and Yunnan. In many other cities and towns there are also special districts known as Hui districts, such as the Niu Jie (Oxen Street) in Beijing and the Linqing region in Shandong, where usually Muslim families reside and various Muslim businesses and restaurants thrive around a central mosque called Qingzhen Si (Temple of Pure and True).
According to official figures, the Hui, at around 10 million, are the largest...
KeywordsHost Country Saudi Arabia Muslim Community Religious School Islamic Education
Interviews with a number of people provided information for this entry. The people I wish to thank are listed by the country for which they provided information. Burma: Ahmed Li Guang Yao, Zul, and Jalaluddin Lee. China (current situation): Elisabeth Alles and many Chinese Muslim students and traders in Malaysia. Hong Kong: Ali Ding Rong Zhu, Noordin Yang, and Yusuf Yu. Indonesia: Johannes Widodo, Junus Jahja, and Edon Sulaeman. Saudi Arabia: Abdulmajeed Ma Jin Wu and Ali Ma Ai Li. Thailand: Kim Gooi. United States: Sulaiman Zhao Xi Heng, Salima Zhang Man Li, Fatimah Ma Ping Ling, Fatimah Yang Ai Li, Jemilla Yang Ai Ling, and Ali Mariam Ming Xi Qing, Fawzia Mai Dai Ling, and Adam Zhao Guo Zhi.
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