Encyclopedia of Diasporas

2005 Edition
| Editors: Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember, Ian Skoggard

Tibetans in India

  • Dorsh Marie de Voe
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29904-4_114

Alternative Names



Prior to 1959, nearly all Tibetan people lived inside Tibet, an isolated, landlocked, high-altitude Central Asian plateau nation bordered by some of the world’s tallest mountains, due north of the South Asian subcontinent. There were few exceptions, notably a small number of upper-class Tibetans who migrated in the early 1900s to India for business opportunities and occasional government trade missions. In the 1950s, as Chinese military presence in Tibet increased, as many as 5,000 Tibetans slipped out of Tibet and settled in India (Prince Peter of Greece, 1966). Between 1959 and 1962, several thousand Tibetans fled Tibet, traveling south to the Indian subcontinent following the exodus of their leader, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama. The first wave of Tibetan refugees passed through makeshift border transit camps and eventually were assigned to Tibetan refugee settlements scattered throughout India. While the Dalai Lama was initially based in Mussoorie, he...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

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  • Dorsh Marie de Voe

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