Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Hydrology and Lakes

Part of the series Encyclopedia of Earth Science pp 732-748

Water resources: Europe

  • R. W. Herschy

In order to identify the most prominent European environmental problems, a meeting of European environment ministers was held at Dobris Castle near Prague in 1991. As a result of this meeting, work began by making a survey of the literature and analyzing international initiatives by, among others, the EU, UNECE, UNEP, OECD and the US Environment Protection Agency. This resulted in a list of 56 environmental problems in Europe of which the following 12 problems were considered the most significant.

  • the management of water;

  • waste management;

  • climate change;

  • stratospheric ozone depletion;

  • urban stress;

  • forest degradation;

  • chemical risks;

  • acidification;

  • major accidents;

  • the loss of biodiversity;

  • tropospheric ozone and other photochemical oxidants;

  • coastal zone threats and management; Only the first of these problems, management of water, is briefly discussed here from information presented in the report of the study by the European Environment Agency.


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