Korea: South korea

  • A. J. Reedman
  • D. H. Kim
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4495-X_56


The Korean Peninsula, extending southwards from the Asian mainland, is situated to the E and S of China and to the N and W of Japan. The Republic of Korea, often referred to informally as’ south Korea’, occupies the S part of the peninsula, approximately S of latitude 38° N. For a small country, occupying some 99 000 km2, its geology displays great stratigraphic and lithological diversity with a number of similarities to its much larger neighbor, the People's Republic of China.


Much of the Korean terrane is rugged, though the mountains are not particularly high, rarely exceeding 1000 m, with the highest peak being the Pleistocene volcano of Halla San on Cheju Island. Recent uplift of the E part of the peninsula, and depression of the W, has resulted in a steep shoreline of emergence along the E coast and an irregular shoreline of submergence along the W and SW coast. The major watershed, with an elevation of about 1000 m, is parallel to, and only about 20 km...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Cheong, C.H. (1973) A palaeontological study of the fusilinids from the Samcheog coalfield, Korea, J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 9, 47–88.Google Scholar
  2. Cheong, C.H. (1977) Fusulinids and depositional conditions of the marine sediments (Carboniferous) of the Yeongweol coalfield, Korea, J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 13, 163.Google Scholar
  3. Choi, W.C. and Kim, D.H. (1981) The study of Ogcheon geo-synclinal belt (1). Report on Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 7, Seoul, Korea Institute of Energy and Resources, 19–43.Google Scholar
  4. Cliff R.A., Jones, G., Choi, W.C. and Lee, T.V. (1985) Strontium isotopic equilibration during metamorphism of tillites from the Ogcheon Belt, South Korea. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 90, 346–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cluzel, D., Cadet, J.P. and Lapierre, H. (1990) Geodynamics of the Ogcheon Belt (S Korea), in Geodynamic Evolution of the Eastern Eurasian Margin (ed. J. Angelier). Tectonophysics, 183, 41–56.Google Scholar
  6. Cluzel, D., Jolivet, L. and Cadet, J.P. (1991) Early Middle Palaeozoic intraplate orogeny in the Ogcheon belt (South Korea). Tectonics, 10, 1130–51.Google Scholar
  7. Cluzel, D., Lee, B.J. and Cadet, J.P. (1991) Indosinian ductile dextral fault system and synkinematic plutonism in the south-west Ogcheon belt (South Korea). Tectonophysics, 194, 131–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hong, Y.K. (1987) Geochemical characteristics of Precambrian, Jurassic and Cretaceous granites in Korea. J. Korean Inst. Mining Geol., 20, 35–60.Google Scholar
  9. Jin, M.S. (1980) Geological and isotopic contrasts of the Jurassic and Cretaceous granites in South Korea. J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 16, 205–15.Google Scholar
  10. Kim, O.S. (1970) Geology and tectonics of the mid-central region of South Korea. J. Korean Inst. Mining Geol., 2, 73–90.Google Scholar
  11. Kimura, T. and Kim, B.K. (1984) Geological age of the Daedong flora in the Korean Peninsula and its geographical significance. Proc. Japanese Acade., 60B, 337–40.Google Scholar
  12. Kobayashi, T. (1951) Older Mesozoic estherites from Eastern Asia. J. Faculty Sci. Tokyo Univ., Sect. 2, 7(10).Google Scholar
  13. Kobayashi, T. (1966) Stratigraphy of the Chosen group in Korea and South Manchuria and its relations to the Cambro-Ordovician faunas of other areas. J. Faculty Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 2, 2, 209–311.Google Scholar
  14. Lee, B.J., Kim, D.H. and Jeon, K.S. (1990) The characteristics of the ductile shear zone around Youngkwang-up in the SW part of the Korean peninsula. J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 26, 304–12.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, D.S. (ed.) (1987) Geology of Korea. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Kyohak Sa Publ. Co., 514 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Reedman, A.J. (1988) Developing geology in a newly industrialised economy: the Republic of Korea. Episodes, 11, 117–22.Google Scholar
  17. Reedman, A.J. and Um, S.H. (1975) Geology of Korea. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Geological and Mineral Institute of Korea, 139 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Reedman, A.J., Park, K.H. and Evans, J.A. (1989) The age of granitoid intrusions and related mineralisation in the Chisulryoung Mountain area, south-east Korea: constraints on the age of the Chisulryoung Volcanic Formation and Yucheon Group volcanism. J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 25(1), 51–8.Google Scholar
  19. Reedman, A.J., Fletcher, C.J.N., Evans, R.B. et al. (1973) Geological, geophysical and geochemical investigations in the Hwanggangri area, Chungcheongbukdo, Geological and Mineral Institute of Korean Rep. on Geology and Mineral Exploration, 1(2), 1–119.Google Scholar
  20. Tomita, T. (1967) Volcanic geology of the Cenozoic alkaline petrographic province of eastern Asia. Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East (ed. T. Ogura), 1, pp. 139–202.Google Scholar
  21. Yanai, S., Park, B.S. and Otoh, S. (1985) The Honam shear zone (South Korea), deformation and tectonic implication in the Far East. College of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo Sci. Pap., 35(2), 181–210.Google Scholar
  22. Yang, S.Y. (1984) Palaeontological study on the molluscan fauna from the Myogog Formation, Korea. J. Geol. Soc. Korea, 20, 15–27.Google Scholar

Cross reference

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Reedman
  • D. H. Kim

There are no affiliations available