Korea: South korea

  • A. J. Reedman
  • D. H. Kim
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4495-X_56

Introduction

The Korean Peninsula, extending southwards from the Asian mainland, is situated to the E and S of China and to the N and W of Japan. The Republic of Korea, often referred to informally as’ south Korea’, occupies the S part of the peninsula, approximately S of latitude 38° N. For a small country, occupying some 99 000 km2, its geology displays great stratigraphic and lithological diversity with a number of similarities to its much larger neighbor, the People's Republic of China.

Topography

Much of the Korean terrane is rugged, though the mountains are not particularly high, rarely exceeding 1000 m, with the highest peak being the Pleistocene volcano of Halla San on Cheju Island. Recent uplift of the E part of the peninsula, and depression of the W, has resulted in a steep shoreline of emergence along the E coast and an irregular shoreline of submergence along the W and SW coast. The major watershed, with an elevation of about 1000 m, is parallel to, and only about 20 km...

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© Chapman & Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Reedman
  • D. H. Kim

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