Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Project management

  • Graham K. Rand
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_817

Project management means different things to different people. In OR/MS, it has traditionally been almost exclusively concerned with technical aspects using PERT/CPM where the objective is to complete the project on time with an efficient use of resources. Outside of OR/MS, there has been much more of a concern with human aspects: the management of a group of people who are engaged in a project. In recent years, it would seem that this has increasingly become a concern of operations researchers, and particularly managers of OR/MS groups.

Organizational structure plays an important role in project management. The increasing need for fast response has motivated both the trend to flatter organizational structures and much of the recent thinking about project management (Handy, 1993). OR/ MS expertise is becoming more dispersed within organizations: for instance, project teams may include an OR/MS person, but less frequently do exclusively OR/MS project teams exist.

The management of a...

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References

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    Adair, J. (1988). Effective Time Management, Pan Books, New York.Google Scholar
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    Belbin, R.M. (1981). Management Teams: Why They Succeed or Fail, Heinemann, London.Google Scholar
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    Boddy, D. and Buchanan, D. (1992). Take the Lead: Interpersonal Skills for Project Managers, Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead, UK.Google Scholar
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    Eilon, S. (1993). “Time management,” Omega 21, 255–259.Google Scholar
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    Handy, C. (1993). Understanding Organizations, Penguin, London.Google Scholar
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    Kennedy, G. (1982). Everything is Negotiable, Business Books, London.Google Scholar
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    Woolcott, L.A. and Unwin, W.R. (1983). Mastering Business Communication, Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham K. Rand
    • 1
  1. 1.Lancaster UniversityLancasterUnited Kingdom